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James W. Craig Collection

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Notebooks and War Report

Maps



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James W. Craig Collection, 1902-1919 | Archives of the American Field Service and AFS Intercultural Programs

By Nathasha Alvarez

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Collection Overview

Title: James W. Craig Collection, 1902-1919Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1917-1918

ID: RG1/054

Creator: Craig, James W. (Wallace)

Extent: 0.8 Cubic Feet

Arrangement: The folders are arranged alphabetically by genre. The maps of the French offensives at Saint-Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne originally housed with the reissued report were moved to the storage tube.  All maps are now housed in the storage tube, arranged alphabetically and by date of map issue.

Languages: English, French

Abstract

James Wallace Craig was a camion driver for the American Field Service and the United States Motor Transport Corps (U.S.M.T.C.) during World War I.  The James W. Craig Collection consists of detailed notebooks from the French Army Officers’ Training School at Meaux and his U.S.M.T.C. service, a bound reissued report (with related maps) from General Pershing, and French and Germany city maps, all related to his service during World War I.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The James W. Craig Collection consists of six detailed notebooks from the French Army Officers’ Training School at Meaux and his United States Motor Transport Corps (U.S.M.T.C.) service, a bound reissued report (with related maps) from General John, and French and German city maps, all related to his service with the American Field Service (AFS) and U.S.M.T.C. during World War I.

The six notebooks are all bound; two date from his time at the French Army Officers’ Training School at Meaux, August 29, 1917 – September 1, 1917, and four from his service in the U.S.M.T.C., May 15, 1918 – August 12, 1918. The first notebook from Meaux (entitled “Topography: Service des Places” on one side and “Service Intérieur: Organisation du Service automobile aux Armées” on the reverse) includes drawings of French road signs, topographical symbols, and an organizational diagram outlining the structure of the French General Headquarters (Grand Quartier Général.) This notebook also provides detailed information about the French military and the branches with which AFS was involved.  The second notebook from Meaux (entitled “Technique”) includes diagrams and drawings of camion mechanical components, including the Pierce-Arrow, Packard, and Ford carburetors, electrical pattern diagrams, water cooling systems, lubricating systems, pressure systems, and other camion parts. Additionally, the notebook contains written exercises from lectures.

The four notebooks dating from Craig’s service in the U.S.M.T.C. detail daily camion routes and itineraries. The largest notebook (entitled “Commission Regulatrice Automobile”) was created around May 1918, and includes detailed information about the organizational structure of the Regulatory Automobile Commission and the various units (referred to as “cantons”) that comprised it, as well as information regarding the loading and supply procedures for munitions. The three smaller notebooks date between May 27, 1918 – August 12, 1918, and contain military reports as sent by Craig to other military personnel.  These reports included daily travel itineraries and route information for both loaded and empty camions, as well as war-related memoranda. The smaller notebooks are comprised of numbered sheets of paper with two pages sharing the same number; one lined page and one unlined copy page. Many of the copy pages have been removed from the notebook and where both numbered pages remain, those that are unlined have a perforation on the left side of the page. The notebooks were presumably used by Craig to create duplicate reports, maintaining the originals in the bound notebook and sending out the unlined copy pages to sergeants and other military personnel.

In addition to the notebooks, the collection also contains a report originally written by General John J. Pershing after the Armistice was signed on November 20, 1918, which was corrected for reissuance and printed in a bound copy on January 16, 1919. The bound report is accompanied by two related maps illustrating the offensives at Saint-Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne.

The collection also contains other maps of French and German cities, some of which are signed by Craig and annotated with what were presumably camion routes.  While the bulk of the collection dates from 1917-1918, several of these maps were revised and printed at a much earlier date 1902, though Craig used them while serving with AFS and the U.S.M.T.C.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions: This collection is open for research. The “Technique” notebook is fragile and permission to access it and any of the maps must be requested in advance.

Use Restrictions: Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the AFS Archives. Researchers are responsible for determining any copyright questions.

Acquisition Method: The collection was donated to the Archives of the American Field Service and AFS Intercultural Programs by James W. Craig and an unknown donor at an unknown date.

Appraisal Information: No items were deaccessioned, separated, or removed from the collection.

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item], [Date]; James W. Craig Collection; Archives of the American Field Service and AFS Intercultural Programs, New York, NY.

Processing Information: This collection was partially processed by AFS Archives staff at an unknown date, and again by Nathasha Alvarez in 2012. Finding aid written and encoded in EAD by Nathasha Alvarez in April 2012.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Notebooks and War Report, 1917-1919],
[Rolled Tube 1: Maps, ca. 1902-1918],
[All]

Box 1: Notebooks and War Report, 1917-1919Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Notebooks: Officers’ Training School at Meaux (Two Folders), August 1917 – September 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Notebooks: U.S.M.T.C., May 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Notebooks: U.S.M.T.C., May 1918-August 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Report and Maps Pertaining to Report of General John J. Pershing, U.S.A., January 16, 1919Add to your cart.
Rolled Tube 1: Maps, ca. 1902-1918Add to your cart.
Item 1: Map: Amiens, France (French Army Geographical Service), 1902Add to your cart.
Item 2: Map: Amiens, France (French War Department), 1902Add to your cart.
Item 3: Map: Amiens, France (French War Department), 1914Add to your cart.
Item 4: Map: Beauvais, France (French War Department), 1914Add to your cart.
Item 5: Map: Châlons, France (French War Department), 1911Add to your cart.
Item 6: Map: Châlons, France (French Army Geographical Service), 1912Add to your cart.
Item 7: Map: Châlons, France (French Army Geographical Service), 1912Add to your cart.
Annotated
Item 8: Map: Laon, France (French War Department), 1912Add to your cart.
Item 9: Map: Metz, Germany (French Army Geographical Service), 1912Add to your cart.
Item 10: Map: Metz, Germany (French War Department), 1912Add to your cart.
Item 11: Map: Paris N.E., France Automobile and Bicycle (Carte Taride), ca. 1917-1918Add to your cart.
Annotated
Item 12: Map: Reims, France (French War Department), 1913Add to your cart.
Annotated
Item 13: Map: Troyes, France  (French Army Geographical Service), 1912Add to your cart.
Item 14: Map Pertaining to the Report of General John J. Pershing: The Meuse-Argonne Offensive, France, 1918Add to your cart.
Removed from "Report and Maps Pertaining to Report of General John J. Pershing, U.S.A." folder in Box 1
Item 15: Map Pertaining to the Report of General John J. Pershing The Offensive of St. Mihiel Salient, France, 1918Add to your cart.
Removed from "Report and Maps Pertaining to Report of General John J. Pershing, U.S.A." folder in Box 1

Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Notebooks and War Report, 1917-1919],
[Rolled Tube 1: Maps, ca. 1902-1918],
[All]


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