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American Field Service World War II Records

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

New York Headquarters

Regional Representatives

Tenth French Army

Middle East Forces

Central Mediterranean Forces

South East Asia Command

First French Army

British Liberation Army

Unsorted 1



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American Field Service World War II Records, 1939-1958 | Archives of the American Field Service and AFS Intercultural Programs

By Nicole Milano

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Collection Overview

Title: American Field Service World War II Records, 1939-1958Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1940-1945

ID: RG2/001

Creator: American Field Service

Extent: 83.49 Cubic Feet. More info below.

Arrangement:

This collection is arranged at the box level into the following eight series, based on the administrative structure of the American Field Service and the military forces they served with during World War II:  Series 1: New York Headquarters, 1939-1946 (bulk 1940-1945); Series 2: Regional Representatives, 1939-1942; Series 3: Tenth French Army, 1940; Series 4: Middle East Forces, 1941-1944; Series 5: Central Mediterranean Forces, 1943-1945; Series 6: South East Asia Command, 1942-1945 (bulk 1944-1945); Series 7: First French Army, 1943-1945; Series 8: British Liberation Army, 1945.  In addition to the 109 boxes arranged by series, the collection includes two boxes of unsorted files (1 cubic foot) that have yet to be incorporated into existing series.

The collection is processed at a series and box level only; the folders (and individual items) remain unsorted within each series.  See the individual series descriptions for more information.

Languages: English, French

Abstract

The American Field Service (AFS) was an ambulance organization founded in World War I and reactivated in 1939 under the leadership of Director General Stephen Galatti.  American volunteers drove ambulances in France, North Africa, the Middle East, Italy, Germany, India, and Burma, and carried over 700,000 casualties by the end of World War II.  The American Field Service World War II Records include personnel records, identification cards, reports, printed material, publications, official war diaries and logs, correspondence, and other administrative files generated by the organization at its various offices and headquarters during the war until the start of the AFS student exchange programs in 1947.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The American Field Service World War II Records include personnel records, identification cards, reports, printed material, publications, official war diaries and logs, correspondence, and other administrative files generated by the organization at its various offices and headquarters during the war until the start of the AFS student exchange programs in 1947.  The bulk of the collection consists of the correspondence, publications, scrapbooks, personnel files, and identification cards kept at New York Headquarters, although there are also administrative files from the regional representatives in Boston and Detroit.  Overseas material includes administrative files, publications, war diaries, and logs from the AFS offices and field headquarters near the French and British forces.  In addition to the wartime material, the collection includes post-war documents related to repatriation and the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), which some AFS ambulance drivers joined after the war, as well as two boxes of unsorted material.  These unsorted files contain personnel applications, documents related to 485 and 567 Ambulance Car Companies, and ambulance plaque information.  They also include later correspondence dated as late as 1958, which was likely related to George Rock’s The History of the American Field Service, 1920-1955 (1956, American Field Service, Inc.)

See the individual series descriptions for more information.

Administrative Information

Alternate Extent Statement: 154 boxes, 2 oversize boxes, 1 tube, 4 loose film cans

Access Restrictions: This collection is open for research.  Some of the company, unit, and platoon diaries in Series 4, 5, and the unsorted files are fragile and must be handled with care.  The personnel files in Series 1 are partially restricted due to sensitive information.  E-mail the AFS Archives staff for information about accessing these files.

Use Restrictions: Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Archives. In the event that this research becomes a source for publication, a credit line indicating the Archives of the American Field Service and AFS Intercultural Programs is required. Researchers are responsible for determining any copyright questions.

Acquisition Method: The collection was transferred to the Archives of the American Field Service and AFS Intercultural Programs (AFS Archives) by AFS staff at unknown dates.  While the New York Headquarters files remained with the organization during and after the war, some of the files related to overseas activities were collected from overseas wartime staff in the years after the war, as indicated by correspondence within the collection.  Director General Stephen Galatti appointed W. W. Phillips as AFS Historian during the war, and sent Phillips to the Middle East to issue directions for the keeping of records, and also to collect files from the Cairo Headquarters.  Phillips also took down accounts of personal memories to fill in gaps from the records, and these are likely present in the collection.

Appraisal Information: Select tributes and commendations were removed by AFS Archives staff at an unknown date, and placed into a topical collection (World War II Tributes, RG2/007.)  No other items were deaccessioned, separated, or removed from the collection.

Related Materials: For more tributes and commendations (in addition to those in Series 1), see the World War II Tributes (RG2/007), which was removed as a topical collection at an unknown date by AFS Archives staff.  For the official photographic collection, which was kept by New York Headquarters staff during the war, see the American Field Service World War II Photographic Collection (RG2/002.)  For the official records of the American Field Service during World War I, see the American Field Service World War I Records (RG1/001.)

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item], [Date]; American Field Service World War II Records; Archives of the American Field Service and AFS Intercultural Programs, New York, NY.

Processing Information: Certain series of this collection were partially processed by AFS Archives staff at an unknown date, and the entire collection was processed at a series level by Nicole Milano in 2011. Preliminary finding aid written by Nicole Milano in June 2011 and encoded in EAD by Nicole Milano in June 2011 under the scope of the 2010-2011 Basic Processing grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: New York Headquarters, 1939-1946 (bulk 1940-1945)],
[Series 2: Regional Representatives, 1939-1942],
[Series 3: Tenth French Army, 1940],
[Series 4: Middle East Forces, 1941-1944],
[Series 5: Central Mediterranean Forces, 1943-1945],
[Series 6: South East Asia Command, 1942-1945 (bulk 1944-1945)],
[Series 7: First French Army, 1943-1945],
[Series 8: British Liberation Army, 1945],
[Unsorted 1: circa 1939-1958],
[All]

Series 1: New York Headquarters, 1939-1946 (bulk 1940-1945)Add to your cart.

55.82 cubic feet (111 boxes, 2 oversize boxes)

This series constitutes more than half the entire collection, and includes administrative files, publications, printed material (including promotional posters), personnel records, and identification cards generated by or kept at New York Headquarters, which was located at 60 Beaver Street in New York City for most of World War II.  Staff members for this office included Director General Stephen Galatti, Assistant Director General William H. Wallace, Jr. (also known as “Uncle Bill”), Secretary Lucy MacDonald DeMaine, and Publicity Director Joan Belmont.

The bulk of the administrative files includes correspondence to and from Stephen Galatti, although there is also some correspondence to other staff members (including Wallace, DeMaine, and Dorothy Field.)  Important topics include the formation of the Hadfield-Spears Hospital Unit with the Free French Forces under Charles de Gaulle, the establishment of an overseas headquarters in Cairo after AFS aligned with the British forces, major battles (including Monte Cassino), recruitment of ambulance drivers, and fundraising.  Correspondents include AFS men stationed overseas (such as Major Stuart Benson, Lieutenant Alan Stuyvesant, and Major Frederick Hoeing), donors, prospective ambulance drivers, and fundraising organizations (such as the United War Fund.)  Many of the administrative files were sent back to New York Headquarters during the war, and include historical information, lists, logs, reports, and nominal rolls related to the various overseas units, platoons, and companies.

In addition to the administrative files, this series includes publications, printed material, and scrapbooks related to the publicity and public relations efforts of the New York staff during the war.  Publications and printed material include brochures, rosters, and the AFS Letters, a monthly compilation of letters from ambulance drivers that their families would send to the office.  This publication was compiled by Dorothy Field and mailed to parents, schools, and other interested parties.  The scrapbooks were likely compiled by Joan Belmont, and consist of AFS-related clippings from various newspapers.

This series also includes personnel files and identification cards (British Geneva Cards and AFS identification cards) for the ambulance drivers.  Most personnel files include passport photographs (often signed across the back), letters of recommendation from people of standing in the community, a letter from a reputable doctor as to physical condition and blood type of the applicant, and the original application, as well as various other documents.  There appears to be one personnel file for each ambulance driver, although many of the identification cards are missing or were never returned to New York Headquarters after repatriation.

This series is processed at box level only; the folders (and individual items) remain unsorted within the boxes.  The boxes are arranged by material type, though there may be some overlap between the boxes (for example, there may be some publications in the administrative files, and vice versa.)

Subseries 1A: Administrative Files (Unsorted)Add to your cart.
21.5 cubic feet (45 boxes)
Box 1Add to your cart.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Box 6Add to your cart.
Box 7Add to your cart.
Box 8Add to your cart.
Box 9Add to your cart.
Box 10Add to your cart.
Box 11Add to your cart.
Box 12Add to your cart.
Box 13Add to your cart.
Box 14Add to your cart.
Box 15Add to your cart.
Box 16Add to your cart.
Box 17Add to your cart.
Box 18Add to your cart.
Box 19: Re: AFS in France, 1940Add to your cart.
Box 20: Re: AFS in France, 1940Add to your cart.
Box 21: Re: AFS in France, 1940Add to your cart.
Box 22: Re: AFS in France, 1940Add to your cart.
Box 23: Re: American Eagle ClubAdd to your cart.
Box 24: Re: American Eagle ClubAdd to your cart.
Box 25: Re: British EmbassyAdd to your cart.
Box 26: Re: American Ambulance, Great BritainAdd to your cart.
Box 27: Re: Hadfield Spears UnitAdd to your cart.
Box 28: Re: FFCAdd to your cart.
Box 29: Re: FFCAdd to your cart.
Box 30: Re: MEFAdd to your cart.
Box 31: Re: MEFAdd to your cart.
Box 32: Re: MEFAdd to your cart.
Box 33: Re: MEFAdd to your cart.
Box 34: Re: MEFAdd to your cart.
Box 35: Re: CMFAdd to your cart.
Box 36: Re: CMFAdd to your cart.
Box 37: Re: CMFAdd to your cart.
Box 38: Re: CMFAdd to your cart.
Box 39: Re: IBAdd to your cart.
Box 40: Re: IBAdd to your cart.
Box 41: Re: IBAdd to your cart.
Box 42: Re: IB and BLAAdd to your cart.
Box 43: Re: First French ArmyAdd to your cart.
Box 44: Re: Letters for the AFS LettersAdd to your cart.
Box 45: Re: Letters for the AFS LettersAdd to your cart.
Subseries 1B: Publications and Printed MaterialAdd to your cart.
5.58 cubic feet (9 boxes, 1 oversize box)
Box 1: AFS Letters, December 1941- November 1942Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Bulletin, No. 1, December 1941Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Bulletin, No. 2, 1942Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Bulletin, No. 3, 1942Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Bulletin, No. 4, 1942Add to your cart.
Folder 5: AFS Letters, Bulletin No. 5, 1942 AugustAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: AFS Letters, Bulletin No. 6, 1942 SeptemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: AFS Letters, Bulletin No. 7, 1942 OctoberAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: AFS Letters, Bulletin No. 8, 1942 NovemberAdd to your cart.
Box 2: AFS Letters, December 1942- May 1943Add to your cart.
Folder 1: AFS Letters, No. 9, 1942 DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: AFS Letters, No. 10, 1943 JanuaryAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: AFS Letters, No. 11, 1942Add to your cart.
Folder 4: AFS Letters, No. 12, 1943 AprilAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: AFS Letters, No. 13, 1943 MayAdd to your cart.
Box 3: AFS Letters, June 1943- November 1943Add to your cart.
Folder 1: AFS Letters, No. 14, 1943 JuneAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: AFS Letters, No. 15, 1943 JulyAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: AFS Letters, No. 16, 1943 AugustAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: AFS Letters, No. 17, 1943 SeptemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: AFS Letters, No. 18, 1943 OctoberAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: AFS Letters, No.19, 1943 NovemberAdd to your cart.
Box 4: AFS Letters, December 1943- May 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 1: AFS Letters, No. 20, 1943 DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: AFS Letters, No. 21, 1944 JanuaryAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: AFS Letters, No. 22, 1944 FebruaryAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: AFS Letters, No. 23, 1944 MarchAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: AFS Letters (India Anniversary No. 24), 1943 April- 1944 AprilAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: AFS Letters, No. 25, 1944 MayAdd to your cart.
Box 5: AFS Letters, June- October 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 1: AFS Letters, No. 26, 1944 JuneAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: AFS Letters, No. 27, 1944 JulyAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: AFS Letters, No. 28, 1944 AugustAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: AFS Letters, No. 29, 1944 SeptemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: AFS Letters, No. 30, 1944 OctoberAdd to your cart.
Box 6: AFS Letters, November 1944- May 1945Add to your cart.
Folder 1: AFS Letters, No. 31, 1944 NovemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: AFS Letters, No. 32, 1944 DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: AFS Letters, No. 33, 1945 JanuaryAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: AFS Letters, No. 34, 1945 FebruaryAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: AFS Letters, No. 35, 1945 MarchAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: AFS Letters, No. 36, 1945 AprilAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: AFS Letters, No. 37, 1945 MayAdd to your cart.
Box 7: AFS Letters, June- July 1945- BrochuresAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: AFS Letters, No. 38, 1945 June- JulyAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: AFS Letters, No. 39, 1945 AugustAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: AFS Letters, No. 40, 1945 SeptemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: AFS Letters, No. 41, 1945 OctoberAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: AFS Letters, Covers, 1942 July- 1944 NovemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: AFS Letters, Roll of Honour, 1939- 1945 (1 of 2), c. 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 7: AFS Letters, Roll of Honour, 1939- 1945 (2 of 2), c. 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Brochures, circa 1939-1940Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Brochure, 1942Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Brochure, n.dAdd to your cart.
Folder 11: Brochure: AFS: Volunteer Battle Ambulance Corps, n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Bulletin, September 1940Add to your cart.
Box 8: Newsletter- Roster, 1939- 1943Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Newsletter, No.s 1-5, January 31- June 14, 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Newsletter, No. 16, May 5, 1945Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Newsletters, No.s 18- 26, August 4, 1945- November 21, 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Promotional Booklet: The AFS: Overseas Volunteer Ambulance Units, 1942Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Promotional Booklet: The AFS: Overseas Volunteer Ambulance Units (1 of 2), 1943Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Promotional Booklet: The AFS: Overseas Volunteer Ambulance Units (2 of 2), 1943Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Promotional Booklet: Benefit Exhibition for the AFS at the Whitney Museum, October 27- November 19, 1942Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Roster of AFS Volunteers, 1939- 1942, May 1, 1942Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Roster of AFS Volunteers, 1939- 1943 (1 of 2), April 1, 1943Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Roster of AFS Volunteers, 1939- 1943 (2 of 2), April 1, 1943Add to your cart.
Box 9: Roster, 1939- 1945- Roster CorrectionsAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: Roster of AFS Volunteers, 1939- 1945, c. 1945Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Roster Corrections (Memo), "M", November 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Roster Corrections (Memo), "N", November 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Roster Corrections (Memo), "O", November 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Roster Corrections (Memo), "P", November 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Roster Corrections (Memo), "R", November 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Roster Corrections (Memo), "S", November 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Roster Corrections (Memo), "T", November 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Roster Corrections (Memo), "U"- "V", November 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Roster Corrections (Memo), "W", November 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Roster Corrections (Memo), "Y", November 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 12: UnsortedAdd to your cart.
Oversize Box 1: PostersAdd to your cart.
Subseries 1C: Scrapbooks (Unsorted)Add to your cart.
4.07 cubic feet (8 boxes)
Oversize Box 1: AFS in France, 1940Add to your cart.
Oversize Box 2: AFS in France, 1940Add to your cart.
Oversize Box 3: American Eagle ClubAdd to your cart.
Oversize Box 4Add to your cart.
Oversize Box 5Add to your cart.
Oversize Box 6Add to your cart.
Oversize Box 7Add to your cart.
Oversize Box 8Add to your cart.
Subseries 1D: Personnel FilesAdd to your cart.
24.67 cubic feet (49 boxes, 1 oversize box)
Box 1: Abelman- AndersonAdd to your cart.
Box 2: Andres- BarbourAdd to your cart.
Box 3: Bardwell- BeeberAdd to your cart.
Box 4: Belknap- BlissAdd to your cart.
Box 5: Block- BrainardAdd to your cart.
Box 6: Bramkamp- BroughmanAdd to your cart.
Box 7: Brown- BurnsAdd to your cart.
Box 8: Burr- CaryAdd to your cart.
Box 9: Chadbourne- ClarkAdd to your cart.
Box 10: Clarke- ColvinAdd to your cart.
Box 11: Combs- CrawfordAdd to your cart.
Box 12: Creed- DeBelleAdd to your cart.
Box 13: Decatur- DixonAdd to your cart.
Box 14: Dodds- EastonAdd to your cart.
Box 15: Easton- ErnestAdd to your cart.
Box 16: Eschweiler- FerrisAdd to your cart.
Box 17: Fichera- FowlerAdd to your cart.
Box 18: France- GellatlyAdd to your cart.
Box 19: Gemmell- GowAdd to your cart.
Box 20: Grace- HallAdd to your cart.
Box 21: Halle- HatfieldAdd to your cart.
Box 22: Hause- HigbyAdd to your cart.
Box 23: Hill- HootenAdd to your cart.
Box 24: Hope- IvesAdd to your cart.
Box 25: Jackson- Jones, E.Add to your cart.
Box 26: Jones, H.- KimballAdd to your cart.
Box 27: Kincade- LallyAdd to your cart.
Box 28: Lamberton- LewisAdd to your cart.
Box 29: Libber- LyonAdd to your cart.
Box 30: MacArthur- Martin, K.Add to your cart.
Box 31: Martin, W.- McFeelyAdd to your cart.
Box 32: McGinley- MessingerAdd to your cart.
Box 33: Metcalf- Moore, J.Add to your cart.
Box 34: Moore, L.- MurphyAdd to your cart.
Box 35: Murphy, D.- NiedAdd to your cart.
Box 36: Nierenberg- PaineAdd to your cart.
Box 37: Palfrey- PerryAdd to your cart.
Box 38: Peters- PummellAdd to your cart.
Box 39: Puntil- RiotteAdd to your cart.
Box 40: Ripley- SaberAdd to your cart.
Box 41: Sabin- SempleAdd to your cart.
Box 42: Sewall- Smith, C.Add to your cart.
Box 43: Smith, D.- StewartAdd to your cart.
Box 44: Stillman- ThomasAdd to your cart.
Box 45: Thompson- VanEveryAdd to your cart.
Box 46: Vasilew- WebberAdd to your cart.
Box 47: Weekes- Williams, F.Add to your cart.
Box 48: Williams, R.- WrightAdd to your cart.
Box 49: Wyer- ZukowskiAdd to your cart.
Oversize Box 1Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: New York Headquarters, 1939-1946 (bulk 1940-1945)],
[Series 2: Regional Representatives, 1939-1942],
[Series 3: Tenth French Army, 1940],
[Series 4: Middle East Forces, 1941-1944],
[Series 5: Central Mediterranean Forces, 1943-1945],
[Series 6: South East Asia Command, 1942-1945 (bulk 1944-1945)],
[Series 7: First French Army, 1943-1945],
[Series 8: British Liberation Army, 1945],
[Unsorted 1: circa 1939-1958],
[All]


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