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American Field Service World War I Records

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Unsorted

Paris Headquarters

Boston Office

New York Office

Chicago Office

Publications and Promotional Items



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American Field Service World War I Records, 1914-1935 | Archives of the American Field Service and AFS Intercultural Programs

By Cherie Acierno and Nicole Milano

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Collection Overview

Title: American Field Service World War I Records, 1914-1935Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1915-1918

ID: RG1/001

Creator: American Field Service

Extent: 0.0 Cubic Feet. More info below.

Arrangement:

This collection is into the following four series, based on the administrative structure of the American Field Service during World War I:  Series 1: Paris Headquarters; Series 2: Boston Office; Series 3: New York Office; Series 4: Chicago Office; Series 5: Publications and Promotional Material

In many cases, the collection is processed at a box level only; many folders (and individual items) remain unsorted within each series.  In some cases, however, boxes were processed at a folder level and a folder list is given.  See the individual series descriptions for more information.

Languages: English, French

Abstract

The American Field Service (AFS) was a volunteer ambulance and camion corps serving with the French Army during World War I.  AFS ceased to exist as an independent entity and was absorbed by the United States military when the United States entered the war in 1917.  The American Field Service World War I Records contains reports, printed material, publications, correspondence, and other administrative files of the American Field Service during World War I.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The American Field Service World War I Records contains correspondence, reports, printed material, publications, and other administrative files of the American Field Service during World War I. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence, reports, rosters, personnel records, and ambulance donor cards kept at the Paris headquarters, run by Inspector General Abram Piatt Andrew.  There is also a smaller selection of correspondence and records from the Boston office, run by Henry Sleeper. There is one folder containing driver application forms from the New York City office.  An AFS office in Chicago handled recruitment from the Western states in 1917, and there is one folder of driver application material from that office.  There are also several boxes containing publications and promotional material produced or collection by the organized.

See the individual series and subseries descriptions for more information.

Administrative Information

Alternate Extent Statement: 55 boxes, four film cans

Access Restrictions: This collection is open for research

Use Restrictions: Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the AFS Archives. In the event that this research becomes a source for publication, a credit line indicating the Archives of the American Field Service and AFS Intercultural Programs is required.  Researchers are responsible for determining any copyright questions.

Acquisition Method: The collection was transferred to the Archives of the American Field Service and AFS Intercultural Programs (AFS Archives) by AFS staff at unknown dates.  A significant percentage of the material from Paris Headquarters was transferred from Red Roof, A. Piatt Andrew’s home in Massachusetts, donated to the AFS Archives by Andrew’s grandnephew Andrew Gray at unknown dates.

Appraisal Information: Twenty-two published books, most of which were written by former American Field Service (AFS) ambulance or camion drivers, and include a privately-printed book of A. Piatt Andrew’s letters home (1916), were separated from this collection and added to the AFS Library.  Three typescript manuscripts, including a copy of H. D. Sleeper’s personal letters to Andrew (1985), were also removed to the AFS library.  For a list of materials in the AFS library or questions about accessing them, please contact the AFS Archives. In addition to the books and typescripts, personal collections of documents, donated by individual drivers and/or their heirs after the war have been removed from the American Field Service World War I Records and separated into individual archival collections whenever specific donors or drivers have been identified. Post-war material related to the American Field Service Association was also removed from this collection.

Related Materials: For more information about A. Piatt Andrew, consult the A. Piatt Andrew Collection (RG1/050) in the Archives of the American Field Service and AFS Intercultural Programs., or the Andrew papers at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University in California and the AFS Foundation Headquarters in Switzerland.  There is also a collection of American Field Service Records (1917-1919) at the Chicago History Museum, donated by Charles B. Pike.  The American Hospital of Paris is still in existence, and maintains an archive.  For the official records of the American Field Service during World War II, see the American Field Service World War II Records (RG2/001.)

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item], [Date]; American Field Service World War I Records; Archives of the American Field Service and AFS Intercultural Programs, New York, NY.

Processing Information: This collection was partially processed by L.D. Geller in 1988 under a grant by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, and again by Cherie Acierno in June 2011 and Nicole Milano in 2014. The finding aid written by Geller in 1988 has been superseded to take account of new accessions and a new series-level arrangement. The new preliminary finding aid was written and encoded in EAD by Cherie Acierno in June 2011, which was made possible through the 2010-2011 National Historical Publications and Records Commission Basic Processing grant. The finding aid text and collection arrangement was updated in 2014 by Nicole Milano.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 55: Unsorted],
[Series 1: Paris Headquarters, 1914-1935 (bulk 1915-1918)],
[Series 2: Boston Office, 1915-1920],
[Series 3: New York Office, 1916],
[Series 4: Chicago Office, 1917],
[Series 5: Publications and Promotional Items, circa 1915-1920],
[All]

Box 55: UnsortedAdd to your cart.
Series 1: Paris Headquarters, 1914-1935 (bulk 1915-1918)Add to your cart.

38 boxes

This series contains administrative files, personnel records (Paris Cards), and ambulance donor cards produced by the American Field Service (AFS), which were kept in or nearby Paris.  The series encompasses files from when AFS was a section of the American Ambulance Hospital in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France (1914 through June 1916), as well as files generated by the independent AFS Headquarters at 21 Rue Raynouard in Paris, France (which opened in July 1916 and was maintained until June 1919.)

The series is arranged into the following subseries, arranged by material type:  Subseries 1A: Administrative Files, 1915-1935 (bulk 1915-1918); Subseries 1B: Paris Cards, circa 1914-1917; Subseries 1C: Ambulance Donor Cards, circa 1915-1917.

Subseries 1A: Administrative Files, 1915-1935 (bulk 1915-1918)Add to your cart.

Subseries 1A includes the administrative files collected or produced by the American Field Service when it was part of the American Ambulance Hospital in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France (April 1915 through June 1916, when it was known as the “American Ambulance Field Service”), as well as when it existed independently at 21 rue Raynouard in Paris, France (which opened in July 1916 and was maintained until June 1919.)

The administrative files mostly consist of original incoming and copies of outgoing correspondence (in French and English), as well as some more recent photocopies of original letters.  The correspondence is addressed mostly to and from A. Piatt Andrew, although there is also some correspondence to or from other administrators, including Assistant General Inspector Stephen Galatti (who went on to become Director General of the organization in 1936), and Dr. Edmund L. Gros, Chief Physician of AFS (who simultaneously organized a squadron of American pilots fighting for France.)  Andrew’s correspondents include ambulance donors, members of the Board of Governors of the American Hospital, American AFS representatives (including his close friend Henry Sleeper, who ran the American Headquarters in Boston), commanders of the French Army, the French Automobile Service, and with Richard Mallet, commander of the French Transport Reserve.  There is also field correspondence related to the various ambulance and camion units, which contain important correspondents (such as William Yorke Stevenson in the SSU 1 Field Correspondence; Walter Lovell, Herman A. Webster, and J. Marquand Walker in the SSU 2 Field Correspondence; Oliver Hazard Perry in the SSU 4 Field Correspondence; Austin Mason in the SSU 8 Field Correspondence; and Ralph Richmond in the SSU 30 Field Correspondence) and topics (such as Emily Pottle's published poem from December 1915 in the SSU 2 Field Correspondence folders.) The correspondence related to the units also includes some documents dated after AFS was fully absorbed into the U.S. military.  In addition to the correspondence, the series also includes reports and section histories (including the inspection of units at the American Ambulance Hospital before the American Ambulance Field Service was founded in April 1915.)

While most items are produced between April 1915-June 1919, there is also a report of units in the field from early 1915 by A. Piatt Andrew before the American Ambulance Field Service was formed, and a document from 1935 by Commandant Doumenc's regarding his appreciation of the camions service.

The subseries is arranged alphabetically by topic at a folder level.  There are also several boxes of unsorted material.

Box 1-10: UnsortedAdd to your cart.
Box 11Add to your cart.
Folder 1: SSU 1 Field Correspondence, January 7- March 24, 1915Add to your cart.
Folder 2: SSU 1 Field Correspondence: William Yorke Stevenson, July 31, 1917- July 10, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 3: SSU 1 Personnel Lists, 1917; undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: SSU 2 Field Correspondence, January 1- December 30, 1915Add to your cart.
Folder 5: SSU 2 Field Correspondence, January 1- June 30, 1916Add to your cart.
Folder 6: SSU 2 Field Correspondence, July 3- September 30, 1916Add to your cart.
Folder 7: SSU 2 Field Correspondence, October 1- December 30, 1916Add to your cart.
Folder 8: SSU 2 Field Correspondence, January 3- October 30, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 9: SSU 3 Citation, October 15-17, 1915Add to your cart.
Folder 10: SSU 3 Field Correspondence, January 1- September 21, 1915Add to your cart.
Folder 11: SSU 3 Field Correspondence, October 8- December 29, 1915Add to your cart.
Box 12Add to your cart.
Folder 1: SSU 3 Field Correspondence, January 4- June 27, 1916Add to your cart.
Folder 2: SSU 3 Field Correspondence, July 7- December 29, 1916Add to your cart.
Folder 3: SSU 3 Field Correspondence, January 4- March 22, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 4: SSU 3 Field Correspondence, April 1-October 27, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 5: SSU 4 Field Correspondence, June 12- September 28, 1916Add to your cart.
Folder 6: SSU 4 Field Correspondence, October 1- December 30, 1916Add to your cart.
Folder 7: SSU 4 Field Correspondence, January 1- June 28, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 8: SSU 4 Field Correspondence, July 3- October 26, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 9: SSU 4: The Ippè Courier  (Facsimile), December 25, 1916Add to your cart.
Box 13Add to your cart.
Folder 1: SSU 8 Drawing: Cafe Florida Menu, December 4, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 2: SSU 8 Drawing: The "Permissionnaire Boots" of "Old Eight" by Raymond Baërt, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: SSU 8 Field Correspondence, May 26- December 30, 1916Add to your cart.
Folder 4: SSU 8 Field Correspondence, January 1- October 25, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 5: SSU 8 Field Correspondence: Austin Mason, August 28, 1916- January 2, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 6: SSU 9 Field Correspondence, August 17- December 30, 1916Add to your cart.
Folder 7: SSU 9 Field Correspondence, January 1- June 26, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 8: SSU 9 Field Correspondence, July 1- October 31, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 9: SSU 10 Field Correspondence, December 26, 1916- November 2, 1917Add to your cart.
Box 14Add to your cart.
Folder 1: SSU 12 Field Correspondence, circa 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 2: SSU 13 Field Correspondence, February 28- October 30, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 3: SSU 14 Field Correspondence, March 16- October 26, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 4: SSU 15 Field Correspondence, April 12- October 30, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 5: SSU 16 Field Correspondence, April 22, 1917- June 8, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 6: SSU 17 Field Correspondence, May 1- July 31, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 7: SSU 17 Field Correspondence, July 31- October 2, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 8: SSU 18 Field Correspondence, August 3- October 29, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 9: SSU 18 Field Correspondence, May 10- July 31, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 10: SSU 19 Field Correspondence, July 31- October 26, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 11: SSU 20 Field Correspondence, August 6- September 22, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 12: SSU 26 Field Correspondence, July 31- October 16, 1917Add to your cart.
Box 15Add to your cart.
Folder 1: SSU 27 Field Correspondence, July 31- October 17, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 2: SSU 28 Field Correspondence, August 5- October 20, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 3: SSU 29 Field Correspondence, August 3- 29, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 4: SSU 30 Field Correspondence, August 1- October 16, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 5: SSU 65 Field Correspondence, November 23, 1917- February 8, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 6: SSU 66 Field Correspondence, November 5, 1917- February 8, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 7: SSU 67 Field Correspondence, November 3, 1917- February 8, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 8: SSU 68 Field Correspondence, October 29, 1917- February 2, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 9: TMU: Commandant Doumenc's Appreciation of Service, 1935Add to your cart.
Folder 10: TMU: Extracts from "The History of the Motor Transport Corps in the AEF", undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 11: TMU: Groupe Robinson, Reserve Mallet (booklet), ca. 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 12: TMU: Letter Concerning U.S. Marine Attack, by Lt. Chester Shaffer, June 12, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 13: TMU: Note de Service by Captain Mallet, August 8, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 14: TMU: Ordres de Transport de Matérial, circa 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 15: TMU: Personnel Lists, circa 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 16: TMU: Personnel Lists belonging to A. Piatt Andrew or Stephen Galatti, circa 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 17: TMU: Personnel Lists with Addresses, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 18: TMU: Organization of the French Army Automobile Service, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 19: TMU Correspondence, June 5- September 28, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 20: TMU Correspondence, October 1, 1917- July 26, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 21: TMU 23 Correspondence, May 10- August 18, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 22: TMU 133 Correspondence, June 29, 1917- May 13, 1918Add to your cart.
Folder 23: TMU 184 Correspondence, July 1- November 18, 1917Add to your cart.
Box 16Add to your cart.
Folder 1: TMU 397 Correspondence, June 16- October 29, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 2: TMU 526 Correspondence, May 11- November 9, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 3: TMU 527 Correspondence, June 11- October 30, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 4: TMU 537 Correspondence, circa June 7- August 21, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 5: TMU 609 Correspondence, September 3- October 30, 1917Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Vosges Detachment Correspondence, December 28, 1916- August 3, 1917Add to your cart.
Subseries 1B: Paris Cards, circa 1914-1917Add to your cart.

18 boxes

This subseries  includes personnel records, referred to as Paris Cards, which consist of a single backed sheet containing a photograph and basic, handwritten information about each ambulance or camion driver’s background and assignment. The cards also include a notation about the volunteer’s service after the American Field Service was absorbed into the U.S. military.  These Paris Cards are not comprehensive and include a few very damaged items (the “W” last names in poor condition) that are restricted from access without prior approval, and many volunteers are missing from these files.  There are also several blank Paris Cards, as well as orphaned photographs that do not match a specific Paris Card.

The Paris Cards are arranged in alphabetical order by last name.

Box 17: Blank- Avard, Percy L.Add to your cart.
Box 18: Axelson, Iver J.- Berkeley, Charles J.Add to your cart.
Box 19: Bermingham, Arch N.- Brown, Francis I.Add to your cart.
Box 20: Brown, Frederick W.- Chappell, Delos A.Add to your cart.
Box 21: Chase, Trevett C.- Dean, Louis S.Add to your cart.
Box 22: Dearborn, Arthur K.- Flynn, Eugene A.Add to your cart.
Box 23: Fogle, Charles B.- Herndon, Seth W.Add to your cart.
Box 24: Herrick, George L.- Johnson, Ralph B.Add to your cart.
Box 25: Johnson, Wilbur W.- Lamb, William H.Add to your cart.
Box 26: Lambert, John H.- Love, Ethelbert W.Add to your cart.
Box 27: Lovell, Walter- Mustard, Lewis W., Jr.Add to your cart.
Box 28: Myers, Arthur- Paul, John G.Add to your cart.
Box 29: Paul, Morris R.- Reed, Edward A.Add to your cart.
Box 30: Regan, James B., Jr.- Shaw, Edward P. IIIAdd to your cart.
Box 31: Shaw, Emmett H.- Stewart, Donald W.Add to your cart.
Box 32: Stewart, Gordon- Ware, Richard C.Add to your cart.
Box 33: Warner, Goodwin- Zacharias, George W.Add to your cart.
Box 34: "W" Last Names in Poor ConditionAdd to your cart.
This box is restricted from access, unless prior approval is obtained from the AFS Archives.
Subseries 1C: Ambulance Donor Cards, circa 1915-1917Add to your cart.

2 boxes

This subseries includes 698 ambulance donor cards (measuring about 4” x 6”), which record the donor name and brief notes tracking the activities of each donated ambulance. These records do not appear to be a complete record of all ambulance donations.

The ambulance donor cards are arranged alphabetically by donor name.

Box 35: A.D. Club- LYSAdd to your cart.
Box 36: Magee- ZabriskieAdd to your cart.
Series 2: Boston Office, 1915-1920Add to your cart.

0.92 cubic feet (3 boxes)

This series contains driver rosters, financial reports, and correspondence kept at the Boston office of the American Field Service, run by Henry D. Sleeper.  The bulk of the series consists of letters from Andrew to Sleeper related to recruitment, publicity, personnel, supplies, donations, finances, and internal AFS politics. The correspondence between these two men is arranged chronologically. There is also correspondence with Anne Morgan, daughter of J.P. Morgan and founder of the American Committee for Devastated France regarding fundraising and recruitment, and various other correspondents related to fundraising through the production of books and films, including Our American Boys in the European War.    There is also one completed AFS driver application form with a photograph attached.

This series is processed at a box level only; the folders (and individual items) remain unsorted.

Box 37-39: UnsortedAdd to your cart.
Series 3: New York Office, 1916Add to your cart.

0.06 cubic feet (1 folder)

This series consists of one folder containing two completed American Field Service driver application forms with photographs attached.

Box 39Add to your cart.
Folder 1: ApplicationsAdd to your cart.
Series 4: Chicago Office, 1917Add to your cart.

0.06 cubic feet (1 folder)

This series consists of one folder containing a blank photocopied driver application, one original completed application, and supporting recommendation letters from the Chicago office.

Box 39Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Applications and CorrespondenceAdd to your cart.
Series 5: Publications and Promotional Items, circa 1915-1920Add to your cart.

15 boxes

This series includes publications produced by AFS (including the AFS Bulletin from July 1917-April 1919 and various other AFS fliers and printed ephemera), publications collected by staff (including clippings and magazines with articles about AFS), and promotional material (including posters and booklets related to the AFS promotional film Our American Boys in the European War.)

This series is only partially processed. The AFS Bulletin issues are arranged chronologically; all other items remain unsorted.

Box 40: AFS Bulletins, Nos. 1-20, July 14- November 17, 1917Add to your cart.
Box 41: AFS Bulletins, Nos. 21-34, November 24, 1917- March 2, 1918Add to your cart.
Box 42: AFS Bulletins, Nos. 35-50, March 9- June 22, 1918Add to your cart.
Box 43: AFS Bulletins, Nos. 51-64, June 29- September 28, 1918Add to your cart.
Box 44: AFS Bulletins, Nos. 65-76, October 5- December 28, 1918Add to your cart.
Box 45: AFS Bulletins, Nos. 77-84; Special Reserve Mallet No., January 7- March 8, 1919Add to your cart.
Box 46: AFS Bulletins, Nos. 85-86; Loose Bulletin pages, March 15, 1919-July 1920; undatedAdd to your cart.
Box 47-54: UnsortedAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.

Browse by Box:

[Box 55: Unsorted],
[Series 1: Paris Headquarters, 1914-1935 (bulk 1915-1918)],
[Series 2: Boston Office, 1915-1920],
[Series 3: New York Office, 1916],
[Series 4: Chicago Office, 1917],
[Series 5: Publications and Promotional Items, circa 1915-1920],
[All]


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